Bushfires are very common in African Savannas, especially during the dry season between May and October. Private water sources in bushfire-affected areas could become contaminated from bushfire ash, fire retardant, debris or dead animals. If the water looks, smells or tastes unusual, do not use it for drinking or food preparation and do not give it to animals.
If you live in a bushfire-affected area, you should be aware that your private water source could become contaminated from debris, ash, fire retardants or dead animals. Also, you should not source water from a creek that has been affected by bushfire as the water may be contaminated.
Water drawn from deep bores or wells should still be safe to use. If you suspect contamination, use an alternative water supply for drinking and food preparation. Contact your local council for a list of water carting contractors.
Preventing water tank contamination
The most effective way to prevent contamination of your water tank is to make sure it is properly sealed and to disconnect the downpipes to the tank as soon as there is a bushfire risk. Do not reconnect the downpipes until the roof has been cleaned after the bushfire, either manually or after a flush of rain.
Detecting tank water contamination
If your water looks, smells or tastes unusual, then it is likely to be contaminated. Do not use the water for drinking or food preparation. Water that is not suitable for drinking can still be used on the garden. Water testing is not necessary, as contamination is easily identified by a change in taste, smell or clarity.
Debris or dead animals on your roof or in the gutters should be removed. Use gloves and place in a plastic bag for disposal. Your tank water should be disinfected before re-using.
Disinfecting tank water
Water can be disinfected by bringing it to a rolling boil or by adding chlorine. For every 1,000 litres of water in the tank, you can safely add either:
- Approximately 125 ml or 125 g of 4 per cent household bleach. Avoid using bleaches that contain detergents or other chemicals, such as perfumes
- Approximately 40 ml or 40 g of 12.5 per cent chlorine liquid swimming pool chlorine or dairy factory chlorine
- Approximately 8 ml or 8 g of 65 per cent granular ‘swimming pool’ chlorine.
After chlorinating, you should wait at least 24 hours before using the water to allow for harmful microorganisms to be treated.
When to resume using your rainwater tank for drinking
If the water in your tank has not been contaminated, the water should be safe to use. However, do not reconnect your downpipes until your roof has been cleaned.
Do not use the water for drinking if it looks, smells or tastes unusual. The water and tank should be disinfected prior to use. Alternatively, you can arrange for your tank to be professionally cleaned. Where cleaning involves entering a tank, consider employing a professional tank cleaner. Tanks are confined spaces and can be dangerous to work in. Refer to your local business directory for water tank cleaners.
Things to remember
- If the water in your tank looks, tastes or smells unusual, assume it is contaminated.
- Water can be disinfected by bringing it to a rolling boil or by adding accurate amounts of chlorine.
- If your tank needs cleaning, it is recommended that you contact a specialist contractor, as working in a confined space is dangerous.
- Water that is not suitable to drink may be used to fight fires or water the garden.
Source: www.sanparks.org and www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au
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